The Architects

Interior of Bispegaard Museum at Hamar, Norway by Sverre Fehn

The Dancing House in Prague by Frank Gehry


Click on the link above, 'THE ARCHITECTS', on the right-hand side to get a list of over 4,000 Architects, in alphabetical order, with their dates of birth (first) and death (second). This data can be copied into a Spreadsheet


Click on the links above, 'The Architects Works', on the right-hand side to get a list of over 14,400 buildings by over 4,000 Architects, in alphabetical order, with their works, addresses, and dates. The data can be copied into a Spreadsheet.

Villa El Caprichio at Comillas, Spain by Antonio Gaudi

Portrait of Tadao Ando




Tadao Ando was born September 13, 1941. He is a self-taught Japanese architect whose approach to architecture and landscape was categorized by architectural historian Francesco Dal Co as "critical regionalism". Ando was born in 1941 in Osaka, Japan. At the age of two, his family chose to separate them, and have Tadao live with his grandmother. He worked as a truck driver and boxer before settling on the profession of architect, despite never having formal training in the field. Struck by the Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Imperial Hotel on a trip to Tokyo as a second-year high school student, he eventually decided to end his boxing career less than two years after graduating from high school to pursue Architecture. He attended night classes to learn drawing and took correspondence courses on interior design. He visited buildings designed by renowned architects like Le Corbusier, Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Louis Kahn before returning to Osaka in 1968 to establish his own design studio, Tadao Ando Architects and Associates.


Ando was raised in Japan where the religion and style of life strongly influenced his architecture and design. Ando's architectural style is said to create a "haiku" effect, emphasizing nothingness and empty space to represent the beauty of simplicity. He favors designing complex spatial circulation while maintaining the appearance of simplicity. A self-taught architect, he keeps his Japanese culture and language in mind while he travels around Europe for research. As an architect, he believes that architecture can change society, that "to change the dwelling is to change the city and to reform society". "Reform society" could be a promotion of a place or a change of the identity of that place. According to Werner Blaser, "Good buildings by Tadao Ando create memorable identity and therefore publicity, which in turn attracts the public and promotes market penetration". The simplicity of his architecture emphasizes the concept of sensation and physical experiences, mainly influenced by the Japanese culture. The religious term Zen, focuses on the concept of simplicity and concentrates on inner feeling rather than outward appearance. Zen influences vividly show in Ando’s work and became its distinguishing mark. In order to practice the idea of simplicity, Ando's Architecture is mostly constructed with concrete, providing a sense of cleanliness and weightlessness at the same time. Due to the simplicity of the exterior, construction, and organization of the space are relatively potential in order to represent the aesthetic of sensation. Besides Japanese religious architecture, Ando has also designed Christian churches, such as the Church of the Light (1989) and the Church in Tarumi (1993). Although Japanese and Christian churches display distinct characteristics, Ando treats them in a similar way. He believes there should be no difference in designing religious architecture and houses. As he explains, "We do not need to differentiate one from the other." Dwelling in a house is not only a functional issue, but also a spiritual one. The house is the locus of mind (kokoro), and the mind is the locus of god. Dwelling in a house is a search for the mind (kokoro) as the locus of god, just as one goes to church to search for god. An important role of the church is to enhance this sense of the spiritual. In a spiritual place, people find peace in their mind (kokoro), as in their homeland. Besides speaking of the spirit of architecture, Ando also emphasises the association between nature and architecture. He intends for people to easily experience the spirit and beauty of nature through architecture. He believes architecture is responsible for performing the attitude of the site and makes it visible. This not only represents his theory of the role of architecture in society but also shows why he spends so much time studying architecture from physical experience. In 1995, Ando won the Pritzker Prize for architecture, considered the highest distinction in the field.[2] He donated the $100,000 prize money to the orphans of the 1995 Kobe earthquake.


Tadao Ando's body of work is known (like much Japanese Architecture) for the creative use of natural light and for structures that follow natural forms of the landscape, rather than disturbing the landscape by making it conform to the constructed space of a building. Ando's buildings are often characterized by complex three-dimensional circulation paths. These paths weave in between interior and exterior spaces formed both inside large-scale geometric shapes and in the spaces between them. His "Row House in Sumiyoshi" (Azuma House, a small two-story, cast-in-place concrete house completed in 1976, is an early work which began to show elements of his characteristic style. It consists of three equal rectangular volumes: two enclosed volumes of interior spaces separated by an open courtyard. The courtyard's position between the two interior volumes becomes an integral part of the house's circulation system. The house is famous for the contrast between appearance and spatial organization which allow people to experience the richness of the space within the geometry. Ando's housing complex at Rokko, just outside Kobe, is a complex warren of terraces and balconies, atriums and shafts. The designs for Rokko Housing One (1983) and for Rokko Housing Two (1993) illustrate a range of issues in traditional architectural vocabulary—the interplay of solid and void, the alternatives of open and closed, the contrasts of light and darkness. More significantly, Ando's noteworthy engineering achievement in these clustered buildings is site specific—the structures survived undamaged after the Great Hanshin Earthquake of 1995.[9] New York Times architectural critic Paul Goldberger argues that, Ando is right in the Japanese tradition: spareness has always been a part of Japanese architecture, at least since the 16th century; [and] it is not without reason that Frank Lloyd Wright more freely admitted to the influences of Japanese architecture than of anything American." Like Wright's Imperial Hotel in Tokyo Second Imperial Hotel 1923-1968, which did survive the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, site specific decision-making, anticipates seismic activity in several of Ando's Hyogo-Awaji buildings.


Building/project, Location. Country, Date

Tomishima House, Osaka, Japan,1973

Uno House, Kyoto, Japan, 1974

Hiraoka House, Hyōgo, Japan, 1974

Shibata House, Ashiya, Japan, 1974

Tatsumi House, Osaka, Japan, 1975

Soseikan House, Hyogo, Japan, 1975

Takahashi House, Ashiya, Japan, 1975

Matsumura House, Kobe, Japan, 1975

Row House in Sumiyoshi, Sumiyoshi, Japan, 1976

Hirabayashi House, Osaka, Japan, 1976

Bansho House, Aichi, Japan, 1976

Tezukayama Tower Plaza, Sumiyoshi, Japan, 1976

Tezukayama House, Osaka, Japan, 1977

Wall House, Ashiya, Japan, 1977

Glass Block House, Osaka, Japan, 1978

House, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan, 1978

Glass Block Wall, Sumiyoshi, Osaka, Japan, 1979

Katayama Building, Nishinomiya, Japan, 1979

Onishi House, Sumiyoshi, Osaka, Japan, 1979

Matsutani House, Kyoto, Japan, 1979

Ueda House, Okayama, Japan, 1979

Step, Takamatsu, Japan, 1980

Matsumoto House, Wakayama, Japan, 1980

Fuku House, Wakayama, Japan, 1980

Bansho House Addition, Aichi Pref., Japan, 1981

Koshino House, Ashiya, Japan, 1981

Kojima Housing, Okayama Pref, Japan, 1981

Atelier in Oyodo, Osaka, Japan, 1981

Tea House for Soseikan, Hyōgo Pref, Japan, 1982

Ishii House, Shizuoka Pref, Japan, 1982

Akabane House, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan, 1982

Kujo Townhouse, Osaka, Japan, 1982

Rokko Housing One, Rokko, Hyōgo, Japan, 1983

Bigi Atelier, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan, 1983

Umemiya House, Kobe, Japan, 1983

Kaneko House, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan, 1983

Festival, Naha, Okinawa, Japan, 1984

Time's, Kyoto, Japan, 1984

Koshino House Addition, Ashiya, Hyōgo, Japan, 1984

Melrose, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan, 1984

Uejo House, Osaka Pref, Japan, 1984

Ota House, Okayama Pref, Japan, 1984

Moteki House, Kobe, Japan, 1984

Shinsaibashi TO Office, Osaka Pref, Japan, 1984

Iwasa House, Ashiya, Hyōgo, Japan, 1984

Hata House, Nishinomiya, Japan, 1984

Atelier Yoshie Inaba, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan, 1985

Jun Port Island Office, Kobe, Japan, 1985

Mon-petit-chou, Kyoto, Japan, 1985

Guest House for Hattori, Osaka, Japan, 1985

Taiyō Cement HQ, Osaka, Japan, 1986

TS Building, Osaka, Japan, 1986

Chapel on Mount Rokko, Kobe, Japan, 1986

Old/New Rokko, Kobe, Japan, 1986

Kidosaki House, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan, 1986

Fukuhara Clinic, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan, 1986

Sasaki House, Minato, Tokyo, Japan, 1986

Main Pavilion for Fair, Osaka Tennoji, Japan, 1987

Ueda House Addition, Okayama Pref, Japan, 1987

Church on the Water, Tomamu, Hokkaido, Japan, 1988

Galleria Akka, Osaka, Japan 1988

Children's Museum, Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan, 1989

Church of the Light, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan, 1989

Collezione, Minato, Tokyo, Japan, 1989

Morozoff P&P Studio, Kobe, Japan, 1989

Raika Headquarters, Osaka, Japan, 1989

Natsukawa Memorial Hall, Hikone, Shiga, Japan, 1989

Yao Clinic, Neyagawa, Osaka Pref, Japan, 1989

Matsutani House, Kyoto, Japan, 1990

Ito House, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan, 1990

Iwasa House Addition, Ashiya, Hyōgo, Japan, 1990

Garden of Fine Arts, Osaka, Japan, 1990

TS Building, Osaka, Japan, 1990

Water Temple, Awaji Island, Japan, 1991

Atelier in Oyodo II, Osaka, Japan, 1991

Time's II, Kyoto, Japan, 1991

Museum of Literature, Himeji, Hyōgo, Japan, 1991

Sayoh Housing, Hyōgo Pref, Japan, 1991

Minolta Seminar House, Kobe, Japan, 1991

Naoshima Art Museum, Naoshima, Kagawa, Japan, 1995

Japan Pavilion Expo 92, Seville, Spain, 1992

Otemae Art Centre, Nishinomiya, Japan, 1992

Forest of Tombs Museum, Kumamoto, Japan, 1992

Rokko Housing Two, Rokko, Kobe, Japan, 1993

Vitra Seminar House, Weil-am-Rhein, Germany, 1993

Gallery Noda, Kobe, Japan, 1993

YKK Seminar House, Chiba Pref, Japan, 1993

Suntory Museum, Osaka, Japan, 1994

Maxray Headquarters, Osaka, Japan, 1994

Chikatsu Asuka Museum, Osaka Pref, Japan, 1994

Kiyo Bank Sakai Branch, Sakai, Osaka, Japan, 1994

Garden of Fine Art, Kyoto, Japan, 1994

Museum of Wood Culture, Kami, Hyōgo, Japan, 1994

Inamori Auditorium, Kagoshima, Japan, 1994

Nariwa Museum, Okayama Pref, Japan, 1994

Atelier in Oyodo Annex, Osaka, Japan, 1995

Nagaragawa Centre, Gifu, Japan, 1995

Naoshima Art Museum, Naoshima Kagawa, Japan, 1995

Meditation Space UNESCO, Paris, France, 1995

Oyamazaki Villa Museum, Kyoto, Japan, 1995

Pusan Ferry Building, Osaka Port, Japan, 1996

Museum of Literature II Himeji, Hyōgo Japan 1996

Gallery Chiisaime, Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan, 1996

Museum of Gojo Culture , Gojo, Nara, Japan, 1997

Toto Seminar House, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1997

Yokogurayama Forest Museum, Kochi Prefecture, Japan, 1997

Harima Kogen School, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1997

Koumi Kogen Museum, Nagano Prefecture, Japan, 1997

Lee House, Chicago, Illinois, United States, 1997

Daikoku Denki Headquarters, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, 1998

Daylight Museum, Shiga Prefecture, Japan, 1998

Junichi Watanabe Hall, Sapporo, Japan, 1998

Shimbun Bureau, Okayama, Japan, 1998

Siddhartha Hospital, Butwal, Nepal, 1998

Church of Light, Kobe, Japan, 1999

Shell Museum, Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 1999

Fabrica Benetton Centre, Treviso, Italy, 2000

Awaji-Yumebutai, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, 2000

Shizuoka Factory, Shizuoka, Japan, 2000

The Pulitzer Foundation, St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 2001

Komyo-ji Shrine, Saijō, Ehime, Japan, 2001

Ryotaro Shiba Museum, Higashiosaka, Japan, 2001

Teatro Armani-Armani, Milan, Italy, 2001

Hyōgo Prefectural Museum, Kobe, Hyōgo, Japan, 2002

Modern Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, United States, 2002

Piccadilly Gardens, Manchester, United Kingdom, 2003 4x4 house, Kobe, Japan, 2003

Invisible House, Treviso, Italy, 2004

Chichu Art Museum, Naoshima, Kagawa, Japan, 2004

Langen Foundation, Neuss, Germany, 2004

Gunma Insect World, Kiryū, Gunma, Japan, 2005

Picture Book Museum, Iwaki, Fukushima, Japan, 2005

Sakanouenokumo Museum, Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan, 2006

Morimoto Restaurant, Chelsea Market, NY, United States, 2005

Omotesando Hills, Jingumae, 4-Chome Tokyo, Japan, 2006

House in Shiga, ÅŒtsu, Shiga, Japan, 2006 Benesse House, Naoshima, Kagawa, Japan, 2006 21 21 Design Sight, Minato, Tokyo, Japan, 2007

Stone Hill at Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, United States, 2008

Glass House, Seopjikoji, South Korea, 2008

Genius Loci, Seopjikoji, South Korea, 2008

Punta della Dogana Museum, Venice, Italy, 2009

Tokyo Skytree Tokyo, Japan, 2009

House for Tom Ford, near Santa Fe, NM, United States, 2009

Kobe Kaisei Hospital, Nada Ward, Kobe, Japan, 2009

Creation Hall, U de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico, 2009

Capella Niseko Resort, Niseko, Hokkaido, Japan, 2010

Miklós Ybl Villa, Budapest, Hungary, 2010

Kaminoge Station, Tokyo, Japan, 2011

Centro Roberto Garza Sada, Monterrey, Mexico, 2012

Asia University Museum, Wufeng,Taichung, Taiwan, 2012

Akita Museum of Art, Akita, Akita, Japan, 2012

Bonte Museum, Seogwipo, South Korea, 2012

Hansol Museum, Wonju, South Korea, 2013

Aurora Museum, Shanghai, China, 2013

Visitor Center, Clark Art, Williamstown, United States, 2014

Art Gallery at Naoshima, Kagawa, by Tadao Ando

Chapel of the Light at Ibaraki, by Tadao Ando

Langen Foundation Pavilion at Neuss, Germany by Tadao Ando

Children's Museum, at Himeji, by Tadao Ando

tTesdorfDesign architecture

The Sad Little Frog: Swedish and English Version

Active Search Results

GSiteCrawler: Google Sitemap Generator for Windows